The Danish Meteorite collection – Københavns Universitet

Samlingerne > Tør- og vådsamlinger > Geologi > Meteorite collection

The Danish Meteorite collection

Curator

Martin Bizzarro

Collection manager

Zina Fihl

About the collection

With about 900 specimens the Danish meteorite collection is a medium sized, historically important meteorite collection. It contains samples from all recognized types of meteorites. Two Apollo samples and several terrestrial impact crater samples are also included in the Danish meteorite collection.

The meteorite collection is closely associated with the Centre for Star and Planet Formation.

The Danish Meteorite collection in numbers

  • Estimated number of specimens: 900
  • Types: Aarhus, Cape York, Ejby, Ella Island, Feldsted, Jerslev, Maribo & Ryder Glacier
  • Digitally available specimens: All
  • Percentage digitized: 99%

Strengths

  • Medium sized collection
  • Representative of all meteorite types
  • Cape York Irons
  • Several historically important meteorites
  • Main masses of five Danish and three Greenlandic meteorites

Important specimens

  • Cape York irons including the worlds largest meteorite slice.
  • Historical meteorites including Ensisheim, Krasnojarsk, Orgueil, L’Aigle.
  • Large samples of recent important falls such as Tissint, Portales Valley, Ibitira, and Chelyabinsk.
  • Large samples of recently discovered finds such as Sahara 99555.

A piece of the pallasite Esquel, discovered 1951 in Argentina

History

The first meteorite in the Danish collection is Krasnojarsk, which was signed in around 1800. The Danish Krasnojarsk samples were likely studied by Chladni in preparation for his 1794 book which, for the first time, proved that meteorites came from space. The collection contains several historically important falls such as Ensisheim (1492), L’Aigle (1790), and Barbotan (1803). 165 meteorites were acquired between 1800 and 1900.

For historical reasons and due to the collaboration with the Danish iron meteorite expert, Vagn Buchwald, the Danish collection includes a large number of iron meteorites.