The Danish Meteorite collection
About the collection
With about 900 specimens the Danish meteorite collection is a medium sized, historically important collection. It contains samples from all recognized types of meteorites. Two Apollo samples and several terrestrial impact crater samples are also included.
The meteorite collection is closely associated with the Centre for Star and Planet Formation.
The Danish Meteorite collection in numbers
- Estimated number of specimens: 900
- Types: Aarhus, Cape York, Dueodde, Ejby, Ella Island, Feldsted, Jerslev, Maribo & Ryder Glacier
- Digitally available specimens: All
- Percentage digitized: 99%
- Medium sized collection
- Representative of all meteorite types
- Cape York Irons
- Several historically important meteorites
- Main masses of five Danish and three Greenlandic meteorites
- Cape York irons including the worlds largest meteorite slice.
- Historical meteorites including Ensisheim, Krasnojarsk, Orgueil, L’Aigle.
- Large samples of recent important falls such as Tissint, Portales Valley, Ibitira, and Chelyabinsk.
- Large samples of recently discovered finds such as Sahara 99555.
The oldest specimens in the Danish meteorite collection originate from the collections of then Crown Prince, the later King Christian VIII of Denmark, who acquired them during the first half of the 1800's.
The first meteorite in the collection is Krasnojarsk, which was signed in around 1800. The Danish Krasnojarsk samples were likely studied by Chladni in preparation for his 1794 book which, for the first time, proved that meteorites came from space. The collection contains several historically important falls such as Ensisheim (1492), L’Aigle (1790), and Barbotan (1803). 165 meteorites were acquired between 1800 and 1900.
The collection contains the main masses of the Danish meteorite falls and finds Mern (1878), Aarhus (1951), Jerslev (1976), Felsted (1977), Maribo (2009), Ejby (2016) and Dueodde (2017) as well as several of the large iron meteorites from the Cape York swarm from Thule in Greenland.
For historical reasons and due to the collaboration with the Danish iron meteorite expert, Vagn Buchwald, the Danish collection includes a large number of iron meteorites.
Since 1989, all meteorite falls and finds from Denmark are legally declared Danekræ fossil trove and any person who finds or gains possession of meteorite trove, shall immediately deliver it to the Natural History Museum of Denmark.